Face Pigmentation – Laser Removal Treatment in Singapore
Pigmentation is the term that healthcare professionals give to patches of skin which becomes darker than the other surrounding areas of the skin.
Common types of pigmentation on the face and skin include age spots, melasma & post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Each of these has different causes & its own range of clinically proven treatments. We highly recommend that you’ll take just a few minutes to read through this article as we aim to educate you on the causes of pigmentation, its various types as well as the effective pigmentation treatments available in our clinic!
First of all, let’s understand what exactly is Pigmentation.
Pigmentation happens when your skin produces more melanin than usual, and melanin is the pigment which gives your skin its colour. This actually can make patches of your skin or spots appear darker than the surrounding areas.
Pigmentation is a common skin condition & it affects all skin types.
Various forms of pigmentation, including melasma & sun spots, are more likely to affect areas of your skin which gets exposed to the sun more often, commonly on the arms, face & legs.
Other types of pigmentation occur after an injury or skin inflammation, such as acne, burns, cuts or lupus and these can occur anywhere on your body.
While extra pigments in some areas of the skin is normally harmless, it may sometimes indicate the existence of another medical condition.
Quick tips to prevent pigmentation or to stop it from worsening:
- Avoid unnecessary exposure to the sun: If needed, please kindly use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to protect your skin & to prevent your pigmentation from getting darker.
- Avoid picking your skin: To avoid pigmentation from forming after an injury, please kindly avoid picking at your acne, scabs & spots.
Symptoms & Types of pigmentation
|Type||Symptoms||Where?||Who can it affect?|
|Age spots, also known as liver spots or solar lentigines||Black, brown or tan spots that appear on the skin with overexposure to the sun||They commonly appear on your face & hands, or on sun-exposed areas of the body||Age spots usually appear on older adults or after extended sun exposure|
|Melasma, also named as chloasma or "the mask of pregnancy"||Usually huge patches of darkened skin||They usually appear on the face, forehead and stomach||Women, people who are pregnant or taking birth control pills, and people with darker skin are more likely to develop melasma|
|Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation||Patches or spots of darkened skin that appear after an inflammatory skin condition, such as acne or eczema||They often appear on the face or neck||People who have had inflammation or an injury to the skin|
Causes of Pigmentation
The causes of pigmentation depend on its type. These are the common causes of pigmentation:
- Sun Exposure: Our bodies produce more melanin to protect our skin from prolonged exposure to the sun. Thus, this can cause patches or dark spots on our skin (aka age spots or sun spots).
- Skin Inflammation: Areas of our skin may darken after we’ve experienced inflammation. This includes acne, eczema, injury to our skin or lupus. People with a darker skin tone are more likely to develop post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
- Melasma: Dark patches of skin may form when we experience hormonal changes. This type of pigmentation is common during pregnancy in women.
- Reactions due to drug use: Some medications, such as antimalarial drugs & tricyclic antidepressants, may cause pigmentation. During such cases, our skin usually will experience gray patches forming. Chemicals in certain topical treatments may also cause pigmentation.
Available Treatments in Aesthetics Central Clinic:
- Chemical Peels: By using 20% to 50% salicylic acid concentrations, this solution is applied to your skin by our doctors to reduce pigmentation by removing the several layers of sun damaged cells.
Number of sessions required: To be advised during the consultation
Downtime: Depending on the intensity of the treatment, it may range from a few days to a week.
- Crystal Tomato: The Crystal Tomato Carotenoids are a unique breed of non-genetically modified white tomatoes. Consume a tablet a day to improve your overall skin texture & tone and help in pigmentation removal. Usually prescribed to compliment other treatments.
Results can be seen as early as 1 month. Contact us at 62218221 / 84488636 to find out more on our current prices & stock availability.
- Cosmelan Peel: Cosmelan Peel, also dubbed as the pinnacle of depigmentation peels, this non-invasive treatment is able to treat all types of melasma. It works by inhibiting tyrosinase, an enzyme responsible for the production of melanin.
This procedure will be done professionally by our doctors. There may be 1 to 2 weeks downtime.
Your investment: $1,500 before GST.
- Intense Pulse Light (IPL): This no-downtime & non-invasive treatment works by having a broad spectrum of light penetrating your tissue. This light breaks down the pigmentation into tiny particles which are filtered away via the lymphatic system in your body.
Our doctors have specifically handpicked the Sharplight Formax Plus machine due to its efficacy. Usually best complimented with the Tri-Beam Qswitch Laser treatment. Besides its benefits for skin pigmentation, it can also be used for permanent hair removal!
Pain Level: Zero
- Tri-Beam Qswitch Laser: This laser energy pulse, which is in billionths of a second, releases your pigmentation into your skin so that it can be naturally disposed by the lymphatic system in your body.
Pain Level: Very Low
- Edge Fractional CO2 Laser: Another laser for pigmentation is this laser therapy that works by destroying the outer layers of the skin and stimulating re-epithelialization and cell turnover in the deeper layers. This removes pigmentation and restructures collagen to both improve dark spots and reduce wrinkles.
Downtime: 5 to 7 days
Minimal pain with numbing cream applied
For more information & appointment bookings, please kindly contact our concierge at 62218221 / 97268856 (sms/whatsapp available).